47 marks – 1 hour and 30 mins
HSC Questions for preliminary content
All Questions are from old HSC exams, 2001-2005, and cover year 11 new syllabus content.
- The risk overweighed the benefit of growing GM
- The sample technique for the survey – was it random? This is important since non random sampling can introduce bias, for example asking elderly people can result in greater concervitive viewpoints, hence skewing results from what is true for the whole population. Additionally, sample size is sufficiently large.
|Identifies the source/sink model||1|
|Explain companion cells create high concentration by active transport of sucrose creating source||1|
|Describe the movement of sucrose through the phloem from area of high concentration to low concentration||1|
- Light microscope
- Dissecting needle
- Grid for slide
- Sample containing red blood cells
|Risk/ hazard||Risk management||Severity|
|Developing a disease from contact with the red blood cells||Wear gloves while handling, dispose of safely, clean up any broken glass immediately||Medium|
Place sample on slide, lowering a coverslip onto the sample, place it underneath the light microscope and clip in place with the stage clips. Adjust the light so it it ⅞ field of view when eyepieces are removed. Use the coarse and fine focus knobs to get the blood cells into view.
The diagram should be drawn, with a scale, showing red blood cell as 8 um at diameter.
The process of evolution of rapid change, evolutionarily speaking, followed by long intervals of little change.
|Identifies gradualism as more in line with Darwin’s theory of natural selection||1|
|Describe process proposed by darwinReiterative processIndividual has many offspring → change in environment → new selective pressure → most suited survive and reproduce → repeat||1|
|Outline the link between this to punctuated equilibrium, whereby, same process but much faster with large change and less repetition||1|
|High concentration of CO2 can not be used by cells||1/2|
|Identify toxic since is causes||1/2|
- 75% CO2 on red blood
- 25% CO2 in the plasma
‘Hair’ underside of a fig leaf
The hair act to create a humid environment around stomates, hence reducing water loss. This helps to minimize water loss in dry environments.
- Independent variable: The type of plant being tested each time
- Dependent variable: Potometer to determine the amount of water loss
- Control: A group without any treatment
- Controlled variable: The location, light, same number of leaves, amount of water for each