Science is comprised of the sum of humanities scientific understanding. Science has been a tool used by and added to by humans for millions of years. Science’s aim is to describe the entire nature of reality. This is a dynamic understanding which can be lead by technology
Module 1: The foundation of scientific Thinking
Science has four main concepts; scientific laws, theories, hypothesis and observation – one of these can not develop into another they are separate entities. However, these are all integral parts of the scientific method. The scientific method is the process through which new laws, theories, hypothesis and observations can be added, removed or replaced into our scientific understanding. Science is dynamic and the discovery
Scientific Laws – a description of a particular phenomenon, a scientific law does not explain phenomena rather it describes it. These are not absolute and can be replaced by new observations. For example, Newton’s law of universal gravitation:
Scientific Theories – an in-depth explanation of a particular phenomenon, these can also be replaced and improved but are the widely accepted explanation for a phenomenon. These must-have passed the rigour of scientific testing. For example; Einstein’s theory of general relativity, collision theory, the theory of plate tectonics and theory of natural selection.
Scientific Hypothesis – a falsifiable idea or proposition to explain/ predict a certain phenomena which is less in-depth than a theory which can be tested. This can not be proved correct, however, evidence can be found which failed to disprove it. For example; the Michelson-Morley experiment hypothesised the speed of light would be different depending on the direction of the ether wind
Scientific Observations – the knowledge regarding the nature of reality derived by our senses. The epistemological view of scientific observation will be investigated further later on. For example; when the ball was dropped it accelerated towards the earth.
Absolute Truths – regardless of the time or location the truth is the same – it can not be changed. There are very few absolute truths that exist in science. For example, a square never as round corners
The Development of Modern Science
Since science is the progression of idea’s to attempt to explain the nature of reality more effectively than previous attempts it has developed throughout the ages.