Welcome to your HSC Biology 2021 Multiple Choice Questions, we recommend completing it within 40 mins, however, you can submit it even after the timer.
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A patient felt tired, weak and had a swollen neck. After following the doctor’s advice to eat more foods containing iodised salt, her symptoms disappeared.
What was the most likely cause of the patient’s symptoms?
Glucose levels are maintained by the hormones insulin and glucagon.
Which statement best describes the changes in hormone levels of a healthy human soon after a high glucose meal?
A mutation involving a DNA deletion is illustrated
Which statement about the mutation is correct?
Howard Florey conducted a breakthrough experiment in the development and use of antibiotics. He infected eight mice with Streptococcus bacteria. Four mice were given penicillin and survived while the four untreated mice died.
What conclusion could be drawn from the data obtained?
Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CFTR gene. Many different recessive alleles cause cystic fibrosis
The four most common alleles of the CFTR gene and their frequencies in the Australian population are shown in the table.
What will be the most common genotype of cystic fibrosis patients in Australia?
Many transgenic crops have been genetically engineered to have traits such as herbicide resistance. In at least four different crops the transgene has been found in nearby wild plant relatives of the cultivated crops.
What is the most likely reason for this observation?
The graph shows the levels of three hormones, oestrogen, progesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG), measured in the blood of a woman during her pregnancy.
Which statement can be inferred from the graph?
The photographs show an open and a closed stomate on a leaf surface. When open, stomates allow water vapour to pass out of the leaf.
The human PRNP gene codes for the prion protein. Misfolding of this protein may be the result of ingesting tissue that contains misfolded prion protein or a mutation. Accumulation of misfolded prion protein causes serious diseases such as Creutzfeldt– Jakob disease (CJD).
Which of the following statements best classifies CJD?
An example of the mutagenic effect of ultraviolet radiation (UV) on DNA is shown in the diagram.
What is the mutagenic effect that is modelled?
Scientists conducted an experiment to investigate the effectiveness of treating water from storage dams with UV radiation. The experiment was conducted more than three times. The results are shown in the table.
What conclusion may be drawn from the data obtained?
The images show the sequence of changes in the chromosomes (stained black) during mitosis in plant cells.
Which statement is true for mitosis?
The ALDH alleles differ in their
What do the data show about the effect of the ALDH2 allele?