# Physics the nature of light – module 7 HSC exam

56 marks – 100 min exam

Questions.

Question 1. [9 marks]

The diagram below shows the frequency of light used to irradiate two different type of metals. The maximum KE is plotted on the y axis.

a) What does the y axis represent [1 mark]

b) Compare and contrast the observed maximum KE between both metals when they are irradiated with light of frequency of 4, 8 and 12 * 1014 Hz. [6 marks]

c) Explain what would you expect to happen if you doubled the intensity of the light for each of the metals. [2 marks]

Question 2. [10 marks]

a) Calculate the frequency of light emitted by an electron moving from energy
level 4 to 3 in a Bohr model hydrogen atom. [3 marks]

b) Using the conservation of energy, describe the behaviour of electrons within the Bohr model of an atom for a hydrogen atom. [3 marks]

c) Now describe the hydrogen atom in terms of the standard model of an atom, using a diagram to aid you. [4 marks] (Module 8 cross over question.)

Question 3. [8 marks]

a) Compare and contrast the diffraction pattern expected for an incandescent light globe and a laser. [4 marks]

b) A student has the following set up below

What two modifications could they do, to increase the distance between maxima’s [4 marks]

Question 4. [11 marks]

a) Outline three historical advances in our understanding of the speed of light [3 marks]

b) Evaluate the wave vs particle models of light, providing evidence for each. [8 marks]

Question 5.

Conduct a thought experiment, used by Einstein, which the theory of General Relativity [6 marks]

Question 6. [12 marks]

The diagram below represents the predictions made be classical and quantum theory for the emission spectra of a black body.

a) Describe what a black body is. [2 marks]

b) Providing a formula to support your answer, order A, B and C according to their temperature. [2 marks]

c) Explain what the UV catastrophe is and how this was resolved using quantum theory. [8 marks]

1a) The y axis represent the KE of a photo-electron released by the metal surface. [band 3/4]

b) [band 4/5]

c)

Doubling the intensity of light would not change the KE of the electrons being emitted, it would increase the number of electrons being emitted, since the photons exhibit a wave-particle duality.

Question 2.

a)

nf = 3 and ni = 4

f = 0.016 Hz

b)

The electron is relaxing from the excited state to a lower energy level in the electron shells of the hydrogen atom. As a result, it is releasing energy in the form of a photon. Since the energy levels are quantized, from Planck and Einstein’s works building on the Bohr model, the energy, thus frequency of light can be predicted. The calculated frequency is proportional to energy, using E = hf. This electron would have initially been exited to the excited state by absorbing a fixed energy level of light.

c)

• Neutron: Quarks are DUD and Proton: UUD
• 1 proton, 1 neutron – held together by strong and weak nuclear forces,
• gluons help for the exchange particle
• Electron orbits the nucleus, it is attracted by the electromagnetic force due to opposite charges of proton  (+ ⅔ + ⅔ – ⅓ = + 1 charge for proton.) and electron (-1).

1 mark each point.

## One thought on “Physics the nature of light – module 7 HSC exam”

1. James says:

Just wondering where the remaining answers are for question 3-6. Cheers